Behavioural sciences explore interactions among organisms and their environment. They involve the observation of human and animal subjects in controlled experiments and in natural settings. They are situated in between natural sciences and social sciences, supplying theories and paradigms that bridge the two fields together through advanced data analysis as well as experimental and non-experimental research methods.
Behavioural sciences are different from social sciences in that they investigate the decision processes within and the interaction between subjects, whereas socials sciences study social processes on a more abstract level, such as economics and history. The integrative work of behavioural science has spawned the development of graduate schools of behavioural science, where researchers from different backgrounds integrate problems from multiple perspectives.